History and culture of Myanmar


Are you planning to visit the best of Myanmar with your friends soon? Well, Myanmar is a beautiful place and you will have a lovely time there, experiencing Asian culture and heritage. Myanmar is home to many Buddhist temples and has several attractions that can be described as ‘wonders-for-the-eye’.

Knowing about the place before you visit it is always better and it will really be great if you read a bit about the history and culture of Myanmar.


The first habitants of Myanmar were probably the Mon and they came to this part of the world around 3000BC. They initially settled in what is presently central Myanmar and gradually spread to adjoining areas. The Mon people were greatly influenced by the Siamese people (Siam is present in Thailand) and they had contact with India as well. After the Mons, the Pyu arrived in Myanmar and lived peacefully for a very long time. After the collapse of the authority of the Pyu, the Burman Ava dynasty was formed.

History of Myanmar

Later on, in 1886 the British made Burma a province of India. This led to the demise of the monarchy in Burma and war ensued. The British restored normalcy after the war. In 1924-1926 the people of Myanmar waged a war against the British but lost. After the outbreak of the Second World War, the Japanese occupied Burma. Later on, the Japanese surrendered after a tussle and independent Burma was found. Later Burma’s name was officially changed to Myanmar.


Myanmar is very rich in terms of culture and to understand the culture of Myanmar you will have to know about a few cultural practices of the country.

Myanmar celebrates the Novitiation Ceremony, usually during the summer (between March and April). This ceremony involves parade around the pagodas and the schoolboys are dressed up like princes. In the afternoon the boys’ heads are shaven and they enter the Buddhist order (for a week). Feasts are held and monks are invited to the feasts.

Puppet shows are an integral part of Myanmar culture. During the shows, the puppets are dressed in embellished clothes. The puppet shows are usually held around the pagodas.